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Adair County's birthday celebrated quietly by many

Adair County formed 11 December 1801

By Mike Watson

In 1799 Colonel William Casey was elected a member of the convention that formulated the second constitution for the State of Kentucky. He was elected from Green County, which was then a very large county, but with a small population. At that time he resided at his station on Butler's Fork of Russell Creek. Casey's brother-in-law, General Benjamin Logan, represented his county. Gen. Logan's son, William, a lawyer, represented Lincoln County. Gen. Logan's other son, John, was state treasurer, living in Franklin County, and represented that county at the convention. Their combined influence must have been great.

Adair County Formed--By an act of the Kentucky General Assembly, which was approved on December 11, 1801, the county of Adair was formed entirely out of the territory of Green County. The boundary for the county at that time was thus described in the legislative enactment:
"Beginning on Green River, ten miles on a straight line above Green [County] courthouse; thence a line as to strike a point one quarter of a mile due north from Major Daniel Trabue's house; thence a line to strike the Barren County line; thence [from] Barren line to the Cumberland County line; thence with said line to the Wayne County line; thence with the same to the ridge, dividing the waters of Rolling Fork from Casey's Creek; thence to the head of the ridge between Casey's Creek and Robinson's Creek; thence with said ridge to Green River; thence with the same to the beginning."

On December 9, 1803 the following portion of the county of Adair was, by an Act of the General Assembly, cut off from Adair and was added to the county of Wayne: "Beginning at the mouth of Wolfe Creek and thence up the same to the line of Pulaski County; thence south with the line of Pulaski to the Cumberland River; and thence with the river to the beginning."

On December 16, 1805 an Act of the General Assembly became a law which corrected and established the line between Cumberland and Adair Counties in the following words: "Beginning at the mouth of Black Fish Creek on Cumberland River; thence a due north course to the old line between said counties; thence with the said old line westwardly to the line of Barren County."

The territory of Adair County has remained unchanged from the creation of Metcalfe County [1860]. It is bounded by the lines herein given, on the west by Metcalfe County, on the north and northeast by Green and Taylor Counties, on the northeast and east by Casey and Russell Counties, on the southeast and south by Russell and Cumberland Counties.

An interesting document is an ancient map of the boundary lines of the county, made by William McNeely [Adair County Surveyor], at some time before the year 1810. It is upon coarse paper, something similar to brown wrapping paper. The paper upon which the map is made was once white but has become yellow with age. It is the same character of paper upon which some of the old records in the county court clerk's office were made. That paper was manufactured at a paper mill which was situated upon Greasy Creek in Russell County at a very early time when that portion of Russell was embraced in Adair County.

There is no memorandum upon the map to the effect that it is the work of William McNeely, but he was the county surveyor of Adair County from the formation of the county, in the year 1801, until his death about the year 1850. A great part of the records of the surveyor's office are in his handwriting and a comparison of the writing and figures upon the map with his writing upon the records of the surveyor's office leave no doubt of his being the maker of the map.

Happy birthday to Adair County!!

This story was posted on 2022-12-13 07:13:16
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